In a care of clarification, and as scientific approach analysing the deep reasons of conflicts, Alexandre Del Valle analyses in the framework of the geopolitical method ("struggle of power over desired territories"), what he calls the "war of representations”, or "non militar", psychological and "mental war".
Thoses ones preside at the elaboration, by the political responsible faces of different struggling camps, of the processes of mobilization, which stumbling block is the most part of the time a rivalry of powers as to territories, resources and the strategies of influence. Sometimes, the stumbling block are also ideological stakes, namely when, fanatical (for example the Islamic Talibans, of AIG, of Ben Laden nets, Hamas, etc.), these one supplant momentarily the geo-economic requests. As reminds Del Valle, the identical, civilization and ideological representations are real, when even they are instrumentalized, as they “make sense” for thousands of human beings who are going to die for them and because they have real geo-political consequences. Considering that with the arrival of modern telecomputer science means and the general regaining of identically-orientated conflicts, consecutive at the end of the Cold War and the return of the identical rolled-back, consequence and reaction to the Globalization, the representations make more sense than ever, we think as to us that the statement war of representations is happier than ever to indicate this type of inseparable phenomena of the psychological and media war. From the point of media science and the psychological analysis, in fact, the war of representations dresses also a psychological and subversive dimension. In this context, the war of representations consists mainly to demoralize the enemy, distort his contact with the reality introducing to him a pseudo reality, a false representation of events more probably “true” and incontestable, as it seems irrefutable proved, even lived in direct by the stupefied spectator by “the reality” of the images. The technological progress in the domains of “virtual” thus contributed incontestable to break the boundary between the real and the imaginary, so that the strategies of collective manipulation at the services of authority and of the war were never as redoubtable as today, inside even of the societies said democratic.